Medicina Alternativă: fiziologie clinică şi metode de tratament 2010; Vol. 15: 38-45


Summary

Morpho-functional cerebellar asymmetry and cognitive neuroscience

V. Lacusta, A. Litovcenco, V. Ceres, A. Gilea


This article analyzes the literature on the morpho-functional cerebellar asymmetry in people with various motor, psychoemotional and cognitive disorders. The characteristics of asymmetry of the cerebellum, depending on sex and different diseases with involvement of the cerebellum, are shown. Data in favor of the concept of lateralization of some cognitive functions (speech, memory, attention), as well as fMRI data, PET on lateralization of motor, psychoemotional and cognitive functions of the cerebellum are given. The greatest number of clinical and experimental research has been devoted to the study of the function of speech - the concept of linguistic lateralization of the cerebellum is being developed. We systematized modern data on the role of cerebellar structures in the regulation of psychoemotional functions: it has been demonstrated that the structure of the cerebellar vermis are involved in the mechanisms of implementation of the evolutionary more primitive emotions (fear, etc.), whereas the cerebellar hemispheres are mainly associated with evolutionarily younger emotions having adaptive functions (optimism, pessimism, etc.).

Keywords
cerebellum, asymmetry, cognitive function, psychoemotional function

 
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